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Causal Effects EAM Fachgruppe Methoden und Evaluation (DGPs)

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en  Symposium on Causality 2010

Kursleitung: Prof. Dr. Rolf Steyer et al.

Sommersemester 2010, Konferenz, Kurslänge: 14.50 Stunden, Sprache: Englisch, Thema: Analysis of causal effects

Symposium "Causality in Educational Research"

From July 14 to 16, 2010 was held a conference at the "Altes Schloss Dornburg" near Jena.


Aim of the symposium

In educational research, estimating causal effects often is the goal, although this is not always stated explicitly. For instance, we are interested in whether one or the other type of school has beneficial effects on students' achievements. In comparing several schools, we are striving towards fair comparisons. Comparisons are fair when they adequately take into account that schools differ in their student populations. Differences in achievements between students of different schools are, for example, due to the students' socio-economic status. Apparently, it would be not fair to compare two schools without considering this and other diversities. This applies not only to a static consideration of achievements, but also to the value-added-approach that focuses on changes in achievements. Basically, fair comparisons make sure that the estimated effects can be attributed to schools and their work and not to systematic selection from diverse populations.

Finally, classical intervention research, which evaluates different methods of instruction as well as social intervention, has always been an application area of empirical causal research. In this case, it is essential to compare interventions adjusting for possible selection effects. Even though there already are some studies based upon an explicit theory of causal effects, these studies are still rare. Furthermore, there are also new developments in the theory of causal effects, which have not yet been applied in educational research at all. Hence, we believe that this symposium can really make a contribution to the methodology of empirical educational research.

For further information, please visit the website of the Symposium on Causality 2010.



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Videos


  Tuesday, July 13 Wednesday, July 14 Thursday, July 15 Friday, July 16
09:00 - 09:45   Focus presentation R. Steyer (Jena, Germany)
"Theory and Analysis of Total, Direct, and Indirect Effects"
Video 01 with slides
Focus presentation R. Lehmann (Berlin, Germany)
"Modeling academic growth in late primary/early secondary school as a function of transition patterns - How can distributional patterns be taken into account?"
Video 05 with slides
Focus presentation P. Steiner (Madison, USA)
"Challenges and strategies in estimating propensity scores in educational research."
Video 09 with slides
09:45 - 10:15   Invited discussion C. Fiege (Jena, Germany)
"Which kinds of causal effects are we looking for in educational research? - An application of the theory of causal effects"
Video 01 with slides
Invited discussion O. Lüdtke (Tübingen, Germany)
"Schools as differential learning environments: Challenges in estimating the causal effects of schools in the German school system."
Video 05 with slides
Invited discussion F. Thoemmes (Tübingen, Germany)
"The use of propensity scores in multilevel models."
Video 09 with slides
10:15 - 10:45   Invited discussion S. West (Tempe, USA)
Video 01 with slides
Invited discussion U. Kröhne (Frankfurt, Germany)
"Comparison of quasi-experimental methods for large-scale assessments: Estimating the effect of bilingual instruction based on a subsample of the DESI study."
Video 05 with slides
Invited discussion B. Nagengast (Oxford, UK)
"Doubly-latent contextual effect models: Their potential for school effectiveness research, league tables and causal inference."
Video 09 with slides
10:45 - 11:15   Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break
11:15 - 11:45   General discussion
Panel discussion
E. Klieme (Frankfurt, Germany),
H. A. Pant (Berlin, Germany)
"Causal effects in educational research. Why and where are they important?"
General discussion
11:45 - 12:30   Short contributions
A. Mayer (Jena, Germany)
"Causal inference for mediation models - An introduction"
Video 02 with slides

F. Thoemmes (Tübingen, Germany)
"Causal inference for mediation models - A simulation study"
Video 02 with slides

K. Hallberg (Chigaco, USA)
"The role of pretest and proxy-pretest measures of the outcome for removing selection bias in observational studies."
Video 02 with slides
Short contributions
S. Vujic (UK, London)
"The Crime Reducing Effect of Education"
Video 10 with slides
12:30 - 14:15   Lunch Lunch Departure of the shuttle bus to Jena is at 13:00
(Packed lunch at depature instead of lunch)
14:15 - 15:15   Short contributions
S. Pohl (Bamberg, Germany)
"Adjustment Using Latent Covariates"
Video 03 with slides

P. Midthaugen (Oslo, Norway)
"Handling differences and intercultural learning in Physical Education. Measuring outcomes among students after a PE-teacher education in upper secondary schools in Norway."

A. Thomas (Klagenfurt, Austria)
"The role of contextual effects on students' motivation"
Short contributions
S. Sanduvete-Chaves (Sevilla, Spain)
"An invariance study to compare participants' satisfaction with online versus traditional training methods and different organizations"
Video 07 with slides

S. Chacón-Moscoso (Sevilla, Spain)
"Structural dimensions in educational program evaluation design and measurement: Validity and generalization"
Video 07 with slides

S. Sanduvete-Chaves (Sevilla, Spain)
"Measuring methodological quality in primary studies: A content validity study"
Video 07 with slides
 
15:15 - 15:45   Coffee break Coffee break  
15:45 - 16:30   Focus presentation T. D. Cook (Evanston, USA)
"No child left behind. An interrupted time series analysis."
Video 04 with slides
Invited lecture D. Rindskopf (New York, USA)
"Aggregation of effects from single subject designs."
Video 08 with slides
 
16:30 - 17:00   Invited discussion D. Briggs (Boulder, USA)
"Value added modeling of teacher and/or school effects."
Video 04 with slides
Invited lecture S. Rässler (Bamberg, Germany)
"Imputation of potential outcomes to estimate treatment effects of small groups."
Video 08 with slides
 
17:00 - 17:30   Invited discussion D. B. Rubin (Cambridge, USA)
Video 04 with slides
Invited lecture R. Pinto (Chicago, USA)
"Early childhood experiments: Causality and inference of compromised randomized trials."
Video 08 with slides
 
17:30 - 18:00   General discussion
Video 04 with slides
General discussion
Video 08 with slides
 
19:30 Welcome Reception     Farewell Dinner
20:00   Conference Dinner  


Material related to the contributions

Focus presentations

Thomas D. Cook - "No child left behind. An interrupted time series analysis."

Rainer Lehmann - "Modeling academic growth in late primary/early secondary school as a function of transition patterns - How can distributional patterns be taken into account?"

Rodrigo Pinto - "Early childhood experiments: Causality and inference of compromised randomized trials."

David Rindskopf - "Aggregation of effects from single subject designs."

Peter Steiner - "Challenges and strategies in estimating propensity scores in educational research."

Rolf Steyer - "Theory and Analysis of Total, Direct, and Indirect Effects"


Discussions

Derek Briggs - "Value added modeling of teacher and/or school effects."

Christiane Fiege - "Which kinds of causal effects are we looking for in educational research? - An application of the theory of causal effects"

Eckhard Klieme - Panel discussion: "Causal effects in educational research. Why and where are they important?"

Ulf Kröhne - "Comparison of quasi-experimental methods for large-scale assessments: Estimating the effect of bilingual instruction based on a subsample of the DESI study."

Oliver Lüdtke - "Schools as differential learning environments: Challenges in estimating the causal effects of schools in the German school system."

Benjamin Nagengast - "Doubly-latent contextual effect models: Their potential for school effectiveness research, league tables and causal inference."

Hans Anand Pant - Panel discussion: "Causal effects in educational research. Why and where are they important?"

Felix Thoemmes - "The use of propensity scores in multilevel models."


Short contributions

Salvador Chacón-Moscoso

Kelly Hallberg

Axel Mayer

Per Midthaugen

Steffi Pohl

Susana Sanduvete-Chaves

Almut Thomas

Suncica Vujics